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雅思聽力技巧之巧妙運用信號詞!

所屬專題:雅思學習  來源:閣主說雅思    要點:雅思聽力,信號詞  
編輯點評: 雅思聽力是雅思考試中讓廣大烤鴨們非常困擾的部分,因為聽力考試要求考生們迅速找到重點,這樣才有利于定位答案。那么什么是重點呢?今天小編就要教大家一個雅思聽力技巧,其實就是剛剛說到的怎樣抓重點,即巧用信號詞!

信號詞是定位詞,一般是名詞性質的詞和短語,還有數字年代人名特殊類的,而關鍵詞每類題型都不一樣了,關鍵詞一般是動詞或者形容詞居多,這個要講具體的題會比較明白。

雅思聽力的每段錄音平均為6-7分鐘,大約為700-800單詞,在比較冗長的語段中,說話人肯定會以重點探討的話題作為語言全面展開的重點,所以對聽力文稿中信號詞的定位可以為我們解題起到一種很好的指導,可以讓我們主動找答案地聽,而不是被動地聽。

1. 轉折信號詞 Contrasting Signals

but, on the contrary, instead, however, in spite of, by contrast, while, despite, unfortunately, although, while, on the other hand, though, whereas, otherwise

例如:劍6 Test 2 Section 4

One major problem with the first system was that C

A. only one person could be filmed

B. people could only see very short films

C. the camera was very heavy

錄音原文:There were, however, a couple of problems with the system. The camera weighed over 200 kilograms and only one person at a time could see the film.

分析:語意表示轉折的信號詞的出現往往提示說話人即將表達自己對某些事情的真實看法,在此之前的信息被轉折之后的信息覆蓋,在轉折信號詞之前的信息往往是語段中的干擾信息。

2. 肯定強調信號詞 Positive Signals

in fact, actually, to tell you the truth, indeed, to be frank, the truth is that, must, certainly, it is likely that …

例如:劍7 Test 4 Section 2

AreaFacilityActivity

The Mangrovesboardwalk18_________

錄音原文:The Mangroves have been made more accessible to visitor by the boardwalk built during the park’s upgrade. You’d think that people would come here to look at the unusual plant life of the area, but in fact it’s more often used for cycling and is very popular with the local clubs.

分析:說話人在表明觀點的時候,往往會因為某些內容相對關鍵或重要,為了提示收聽者特別重點的信息馬上就要到來,多會使用一些肯定性質強烈或反復強調的表達方式,這時要優先注意強調信號詞后面的信息,作為答案的可能性會比較大。

3. 否定關系信號詞 Negative Signals

no, not, none, never, neither, nor, seldom, scarcely, barely, rather than, instead of, hardly, rarely, too…to, few, little, at no time, by no mean

例如:劍8 Test 2 Section 4

Shona says that in her questionnaire her aim was ______.

A. to get a wide range of data

B. to limit people’s responses

C. to guide people through interviews

錄音原文:I specifically wanted to do a questionnaire, interviews with a focus group. With the questionnaire, rather than limiting it to one specific point, I wanted to include as much variety as possible.

分析:在正確信息出現的同時,往往會伴隨著干擾信息,所以聽題時可以借助否定信號詞來進行排除,以確保答案萬無一失。

4. 表示解釋說明 Explanation

It says/shows, the meaning is that, what I mean/mention, that is to say, in other words, Let me put it this way, it means that, another way of saying, the point is that

例如:劍6 Test 1 Section 4

5th-10th centuries new technology allowed the production of goods made of 32 ______ and ______

錄音原文:The technology they introduced meant that metal and leather goods were produced there for the first time.

分析:解釋說明的信號詞重點在于解釋一些聽者可能理解困難的內容,或者重復某重要的信息,當信息被反復解釋或強調時,作為正確的答案的可能性會比較大,所以同學們要多加注意。

5. 表示例證關系 Illustration

For instance, Let’s take, A case in point, For example, An example of this is, In that case, suppose, Such as

例如:According to the speaker, George viewed Rosewood House as ______.

A. a rich source of material for his books

B. a way to escape from his work

C. a typical building of the region

錄音原文:Moving to Rosewood allowed the family to start a new life. George regarded Rosewood as a pure example of a traditional country house of this part of England and did some of his most successful writing here.

分析:例證信號詞主要是用具體事例形象化地解釋或闡述道理,當我們對說話人闡述的內容不理解時,就可以利用所提供的例子來幫助找答案。

6. 表示因果關系 Cause and Effect

Because, so, since, result in, because of, as, thus, due to, for, therefore, owing to, lead to, consequently, for this reason, as a result of, resulting from

例如:劍6 Test 2 Section 4

Longer films were not made at the time because of problems involving ______

A. the subject matter

B. the camera

C. the film projector

錄音原文:A continuing problem at the time was that the films had a tendency to break when they were being played a problem which was caused by the tension between the two wheels, or reels as they are called, which hold the films.

分析:對于用為什么提問的題目,把握表示因果關系的信號詞對于定位答案很關鍵。

7. 表示序列關系 Semantic Markers for listing

Firstly (first), to begin with, next, secondly (second), last but not least, What’s more, thirdly, finally, furthermore, In the first place, For one thing, also, my next point is, for another, In addition

例如:劍5 Test 1 Section 4

According to George Bernard Shaw, men are supposed to understand _____, economics and finance. However, women are more prepared to ______ about them.

錄音原文:Back in 1928 the British writer George Bernard Shaw wrote in his Intelligent Women’s Guide to Socialism and Capitalism that A man is supposed to understand politics, economics and finance and is therefore unwilling to accept essential instructions. He also said, A woman, having fewer pretentions, is far more willing to learn.

分析:在很長的獨白中,說話人一般都會很有條理地介紹或陳述一些事實和觀點,表示序列的信號詞可以幫助承上啟下,幫助我們定位整個語段。

8. 表示歸納關系 Semantic markers for summary

To summarize, In short, It amounts to this, Sum up, In brief, In a word, What I have been saying is this, In conclusion, On the whole, To conclude, Thus

例如:劍7 Test 3 Section 4

What is the impact of the outside environment on a hotel guest?

A. it has a considerable effect

B. it has a very limited effect

C. it has no effect whatsoever

錄音原文:And the research concluded that what was outside the hotel building simply didn’t matter.

分析:歸納信號詞一般在錄音結束時表示對某一方面的闡述,相當于對重點信息的再一次重復,所以能否捕捉到這類信號詞是最后抓住答案信息的機會。

小編給大家介紹的雅思聽力技巧之巧妙運用信號詞就到此結束了,不知道大家對這份干貨是否滿意呢?如果大家能夠把這8中種信號詞熟記于心,相信可以更加有效地“干掉”雅思聽力~

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